Maurice THOREZ

Family tree of Maurice THOREZ

Activist, Syndicalist

FrenchBorn Maurice THOREZ

French politician and longtime leader of the French Communist Party

Born on April 28, 1900 in Noyelles-Godault, France , France

Died on July 11, 1964 in Black Sea

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Thorez became a coal miner at the age of 12. He joined the socialist French Section of the Workers' International (SFIO) in 1919, but soon after, he joined the Communist Party and was imprisoned several times for his political activism. In 1923 he became party secretary and, in 1930, secretary general of the party, a position he held until his death. Thorez was supported by the Soviet leader, Joseph Stalin, for PCF leadership following splits in many non-Soviet Communist parties in wake of his struggle with Leon Trotsky. As the official leader, Thorez was secretly controlled by the Comintern and the secretive Eugene Fried.



In 1932, Thorez became the companion of Jeannette Vermeersch; they had three sons before marrying in 1947, and they remained married until his death.

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