Family tree of Victor SCHOELCHER

French Deputy, Senator, Constitutional Council member

FrenchBorn Victor SCHOELCHER

French abolitionist writer

Born on July 22, 1804 in Paris, France , France

Died on December 25, 1893 in Houilles, France

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Schoelcher was born in Paris into the family of an Alsatian merchant of Fessenheim. He studied at the College Louis le Grand, became a journalist, opposing the government of Louis Philippe and making a reputation as a pamphleteer. After 1826 he devoted himself almost exclusively to advocacy of the abolition of slavery throughout the world, contributing a part of his large fortune to establish and promote societies for the benefit of blacks.

He was sent to visit America for business from 1829-1830. While in America he visited Mexico, Cuba and some of the southern states of the U.S. While on this trip Schoelcher learned a lot about slavery and began his career as an abolitionist writer. From 1840-1842 he visited the West Indies, and from 1845-1847 Greece, Egypt, Turkey, and the west coast of Africa to study slavery.


He was responsible for the publication of many articles regarding slavery between 1833 and 1847 in which he focused on positive aspects of abolishing slavery. Schoelcher was also intent on social, economic, and political changes being made in the Caribbean colonies. He thought that the production of sugar should continue in the colonies but large central factories should be constructed rather than using slave labor. Schoelcher was the first European abolitionist to visit Haiti and had a large influence on the abolitionist movements in all of the French West Indies.

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Geographical origins

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