Claude Joseph ROUGET de LISLE

Family tree of Claude Joseph ROUGET de LISLE

Singer & Musician

FrenchBorn Claude Joseph ROUGET de LISLE

French Army officer of the Revolutionary Wars known for writing the words and music of La Marseillaise that become the French national anthem

Born on May 10, 1760 in Lons-le-Saunier , France

Died on June 26, 1836 in Choisy-le-Roi , France

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Rouget de Lisle entered the army as an engineer and attained the rank of captain. The song that has immortalised him, La Marseillaise (based on Mozart's Piano Concerto No. 25), was composed at Strasbourg, where Rouget de Lisle was quartered in April 1792. He wrote the words in a fit of patriotic excitement after a public dinner. The piece was at first called Chant de guerre pour l'armée du Rhin ("War Song for the Army of the Rhine") and only received its name of Marseillaise from its adoption by the Provençal volunteers whom Barbaroux introduced into Paris and who were prominent in the storming of the Tuileries Palace on the 10 August. Rouget de Lisle was a royalist and was cashiered and thrown into prison in 1793, narrowly escaping the guillotine. He was freed during the Thermidorian Reaction.

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Geographical origins

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