Marthinus Wessel PRETORIUS

Family tree of Marthinus Wessel PRETORIUS

African politician

South AfricanBorn Marthinus Wessel PRETORIUS

First president of the South African Republic

Born on September 17, 1819 in Graaff-Reinet, Cape Colony, South African Republic

Died on May 19, 1901 in Potchefstroom, South African Republic

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In an endeavour to establish a new town, he bought two farms named Elandspoort en Daspoort between 1854 and 1855, on which he founded the city of Pretoria in 1855.



He originally named the town Pretoria Philadelphia, in honour of his father and his father's brothers, but the name of the town was later shortened to just Pretoria.

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Five years later the capital of the ZAR (Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek or South African Republic in English) was moved from Potchefstroom to Pretoria.



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Geographical origins

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