Family tree of Francis POULENC

Singer & Musician

FrenchBorn Francis Jean Marcel POULENC

French composer

Born on January 07, 1899 in Paris, France , France

Died on January 30, 1963 in Paris, France

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Poulenc mother, an amateur pianist, taught him to play and music formed a part of family life. He was a capable pianist and the keyboard dominated his early compositions. He borrowed from his own compositions as well as those of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Camille Saint-Saëns. Later in his life, the loss of close friends, coupled with a pilgrimage to the Black Madonna of Rocamadour, led him to rediscover the Roman Catholic faith and resulted in compositions of a more sombre, austere tone.

Poulenc was a member of Les Six, a loose-knit group of young French and Swiss composers (it also included Milhaud, Auric, Durey, Honegger and Tailleferre) who had links with Erik Satie, Jean Hugo and Jean Cocteau. He embraced the Dada movement's techniques, creating melodies that would have challenged what was considered appropriate for Parisian music halls.

He was identified with this group before he undertook his first formal musical training, with Charles Koechlin in 1921.

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Geographical origins

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