Pierre PIGNEAU DE BEHAINE

Family tree of Pierre PIGNEAU DE BEHAINE

Missionnary

FrenchBorn Pierre Joseph Georges PIGNEAU DE BEHAINE

French Catholic priest

Born on November 02, 1741 in Origny-en-Thiérache , France

Died on October 09, 1799 in Cochinchine , Viet Nam

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Pierre Joseph Georges Pigneau (2 November 1741 in Origny-en-Thiérache – 9 October 1799, in Qui Nh?n), commonly known as Pigneau de Béhaine, also Pierre Pigneaux and Bá ?a L?c, was a French Catholic priest best known for his role in assisting Nguy?n Ánh (later Emperor Gia Long) to establish the Nguy?n Dynasty in Vietnam after the Tây S?n rebellion.



Pierre Pigneau was born in Origny-en-Thiérache (later Aisne, France), where the family of his mother lived. His father's family owned a small estate named Béhaine, in the nearby parish of Marle. Despite the particule "de Béhaine" in his name, Pigneau was not of noble extraction, and it seems the particule first appeared only in the 1787 Treaty of Versailles.

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Pigneau de Behaine was trained as a missionary and sent abroad by the Paris Foreign Missions Society (Séminaire des Missions Étrangères). He left France from the harbour of Lorient in December 1765, to work in southern Vietnam. He landed in Pondicherry, then a French possession in India, on 21 June 1766.



Pigneau had arrived just prior to the Burmese capture of Ayutthaya in Siam. After waiting for a few months in the Portuguese colony of Macau, Pigneau travelled on a Chinese ship to reach the small coastal town Hà Tiên in Cochinchina (Southern Vietnam) near the Cambodian border, set up by missionaries who had been displaced by the Burmese. He arrived there in March 1767.



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