Grace HOPPER

Family tree of Grace HOPPER

Sciences - Other, World Wars & Contemporary Wars

AmericanBorn Grace Brewster MURRAY

American computer scientist and United States Navy rear admiral

Born on December 9, 1906 in New York City, New York , United States

Died on January 1, 1992 in Arlington, Virginia , United States

Family tree

Report an error

This form allows you to report an error or to submit additional information about this family tree: Grace HOPPER (1906)

More information

One of the first programmers of the Harvard Mark I computer, she was a pioneer of computer programming who invented one of the first linkers. She popularized the idea of machine-independent programming languages, which led to the development of COBOL, an early high-level programming language still in use today.

Prior to joining the Navy, Hopper earned a Ph.D. in mathematics from Yale University and was a professor of mathematics at Vassar College. Hopper attempted to enlist in the Navy during World War II but was rejected because she was 34 years old. She instead joined the Navy Reserves. Hopper began her computing career in 1944 when she worked on the Harvard Mark I team led by Howard H. Aiken. In 1949, she joined the Eckert–Mauchly Computer Corporation and was part of the team that developed the UNIVAC I computer. At Eckert–Mauchly she began developing the linker. She believed that a programming language based on English was possible. Her linker converted English terms into machine code understood by computers. By 1952, Hopper had finished her program linker (originally called a compiler), which was written for the A-0 System. During her wartime service, she co-authored three papers based on her work on the Harvard Mark 1.

...  

© Copyright Wikipédia authors - This article is under licence CC BY-SA 3.0

 

Geographical origins

The map below shows the places where the ancestors of the famous person lived.

Loading... An error has occured while loading the map.