André MARIE

Family tree of André MARIE

French Minister and Secretary of state (before French Fifth Republic)

FrenchBorn André Désiré Paul MARIE

French politician

Born on December 3, 1897 in Honfleur , France

Died on June 12, 1974 in Rouen , France

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André Marie (3 December 1897 – 12 June 1974) was a French Radical politician who served as Prime Minister during the Fourth Republic in 1948.

...   André Marie (3 December 1897 – 12 June 1974) was a French Radical politician who served as Prime Minister during the Fourth Republic in 1948.


Biography
Born at Honfleur, Calvados, the young André Marie studied at primary and secondary level there, going on to the Lycée Corneille, when his parents moved to Rouen in 1908. While preparing to apply to the École Normale Supérieure Lettres et Sciences Humaines, he was mobilised at the end of 1916. By the end of World War I, he commanded a battery of 75 men. He received two light injuries and numerous commendations. He was decorated with the Croix de guerre with palm.
He started work as a lawyer in 1922. He was elected Deputy for Seine-Inférieure (now Seine-Maritime), holding his seat in the Palais Bourbon from 1928 to 1962. In 1933, André Marie entered the government as Under-Secretary of State to Albert Sarraut, responsible for Alsace-Lorraine. He served in several Under-Secretarial posts, and represented France at the League of Nations.
As World War II escalated, André Marie, a reserve captain, was one of several parliamentarians who enlisted voluntarily. An artillery captain, he was decorated with a second Croix de Guerre, taken prisoner, and imprisoned at the Oflag at Saarburg. He was therefore absent for the vote of 10 July 1940, which empowered Marshal Pétain and instituted the regime of Vichy France.
Marie was freed in 1941, having served as an officer in both World Wars. Refusing Vichy politics on his return to Seine-Maritime, he resigned all his elected offices, and in a letter to his constituents, explained that he could not exercise his mandate while the people could not be consulted freely. As a member of the Georges-France resistance network, he was denounced and arrested on 12 September 1943 by occupation authorities, imprisoned at Compiègne, then deported to a camp at Buchenwald on 16 December 1943, where he remained until the liberation of the camp by American troops on 11 April 1945. He had lost 30 kilograms, and had suffered a heart infection and a liver infection.
On his return to France, André Marie quickly regained his place in political life, both at departmental and national levels.


Ministerial career


Minister of Justice
In 1947, he was appointed Minister of Justice in the Ramadier ministry, and presided over the last trials in the High Court of collaborators.


Prime Minister of France
The President called on him to become Prime Minister, replacing Robert Schuman on 27 July 1948, but he was obliged to resign a month later.


Subsequent ministerial offices
He accepted the post of Deputy Prime Minister in the Queuille cabinet in 1948, and was again named Minister of Justice, refusing to pursue the Communists after the miners' strikes of 1948. On 3 February 1949, as Minister of Justice, he was called to account in the National Assembly on the matter of the economic collaborator Pierre Brice. The radical Deputy Emmanuel d'Astier de la Vigerie declared: "Men who have amassed fortunes as a result of collaboration are now largely free to enjoy the fruits of their treason because the government, indulgent towards collaborators, has led a politic of repression against the working class." Weakened by the affair, André Marie resigned on 13 February 1949.
He then served as Minister of Education, from August 1951 until June 1954. He brought about the Marie and Barangé laws, in support of free education. An ardent proponent of public education, he brought about the law, still in place, which makes students of the écoles normales supérieures trainee civil servants: in exchange for a monthly salary, they may be asked to serve the government at any point during the ten years following their matriculation.


Municipal office
As Mayor of Barentin from 1945 to 1974, he installed the statues of the town's famous "street museum". He died, aged 76, in Rouen.


Ministry (26 July - 5 September 1948)
André Marie - President of the Council
Pierre-Henri Teitgen - Vice President of the Council
Léon Blum - Vice President of the Council
Robert Schuman - Minister of Foreign Affairs
René Mayer - Minister of National Defense
Jules Moch - Minister of the Interior
Paul Reynaud - Minister of Finance and Economic Affairs
Robert Lacoste - Minister of Commerce and Industry
Daniel Mayer - Minister of Labour and Social Security
Robert Lecourt - Minister of Justice
Yvon Delbos - Minister of National Education
André Maroselli - Minister of Veterans and War Victims
Pierre Pflimlin - Minister of Agriculture
Paul Coste-Floret - Minister of Overseas France
Christian Pineau - Minister of Public Works and Transport
Pierre Schneiter - Minister of Public Health and Population
René Coty - Minister of Reconstruction and Town Planning
Henri Queuille - Minister of State
Paul Ramadier - Minister of State


References


External links
Newspaper clippings about André Marie in the 20th Century Press Archives of the ZBW



Biography from Wikipedia (see original) under licence CC BY-SA 3.0

 

Geographical origins

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