Hubert LYAUTEY

Family tree of Hubert LYAUTEY

World Wars & Contemporary Wars, French Colonial Wars, Soldier in the First World War

FrenchBorn Louis Hubert Gonzalve LYAUTEY

French Army general

Born on November 17, 1854 in Nancy, France , France

Died on July 27, 1934 in Thorey, France

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Lyautey was born at Nancy (Lorraine) into an upper-middle class family with aristocratic connections, royalist sympathies and a military past. In 1873 he entered the French military academy of Saint-Cyr, attended the army training school beginning in 1876, and in December 1877 was made a lieutenant. He made his career serving in the colonies and not in metropolitan France, a more prestigious assignment. The first years after graduating, Lyautey served as a cavalry officer in Algeria and from 1894 to 1897 in Indochina, under Joseph Gallieni.



Lyautey adopted and emulated Gallieni's policy of methodical expansion of pacified areas followed by social and economical development to bring about the end of resistance and the cooperation of former insurgents. This method became known as tache d'huile (literally, "oil stain"), as it resembles oil spots spreading to cover the whole surface. Lyautey's writings have had a significant influence on contemporary counterinsurgency theory through its adoption by David Galula.

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Geographical origins

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