Antonin Nompar de CAUMONT

Family tree of Antonin Nompar de CAUMONT

French Ancien Régime

FrenchBorn Antonin Nompar de CAUMONT

French courtier and soldier

Born on 1633 in Lauzun, France , France

Died on November 10, 1723

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Antoine Nompar de Caumont was the son of Gabriel, comte de Lauzun, and his wife Charlotte, daughter of the duc de La Force. He was brought up with the children of his relative, the maréchal de Gramont. One of them, Armand, comte de Guiche, became the lover of Henrietta Anne Stuart, Duchess of Orléans, while a daughter, Catherine Charlotte, afterwards princess of Monaco by marriage to Louis de Grimaldi, was the object of the one passion of Lauzun's life.

He entered the army, and served under Turenne, also his kinsman, and in 1655 succeeded his father as commander of the cent gentilshommes de la maison de roi. Puyguilhem (or Péguilin, as contemporaries simplified his name) rapidly rose in Louis XIV's favour, became colonel of the royal regiment of dragoons, and was gazetted maréchal de camp. He and Mme de Monaco belonged to the côterie of the young duchess of Orléans. His rough wit and skill in practical jokes pleased Louis XIV, but his jealousy and violence were the causes of his undoing. He prevented a meeting between Louis XIV and Mme de Monaco, and it was jealousy in this matter, rather than hostility to Louise de la Vallière, which led him to promote Mme de Montespan's intrigues with the king. He asked this lady to secure for him the post of grand-master of the artillery, and on Louis's refusal to give him the appointment he turned his back on the king, broke his sword, and swore that never again would he serve a monarch who had broken his word. The result was a short sojourn in the Bastille, but he soon returned to his functions of court buffoon.


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