Family tree of Bon-Adrien JEANNOT de MONCEY

French Revolution & Empire, 19th Century

FrenchBorn Bon-Adrien JEANNOT de MONCEY

Marshal of France, and a prominent soldier in the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars

Born on July 31, 1754 in Moncey , France

Died on April 20, 1842 in Paris , France

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Jeannot de Moncey was born either in Palise or Moncey, Doubs. His father was a lawyer from Besançon. In his boyhood he twice enlisted in the French army, but his father procured his discharge on both occasions. His desire was at last gratified in 1778, when he received a commission.

He was a captain when, in 1791, he embraced the principles of the French Revolution. Moncey won great distinction in the campaigns of 1793 and 1794 on the Spanish frontier, rising from the command of a battalion to the command in chief of the Army of the Western Pyrenees in a few months, and his successful operations were largely instrumental in compelling the Spanish government to make peace. After this he was employed in the highest commands until 1799, when the government, suspecting him of Royalist views, dismissed him. From 1801–1815 he was inspector general of the police.


But the coup d'état of 18 Brumaire in 1799 brought him back to the active list, and in Napoleon's Italian campaign of 1800 he led a corps from Switzerland into Italy, surmounting all the difficulties of bringing horses and guns over the then formidable pass of St Gothard. In 1801 Napoleon made him inspector-general of gendarmerie, and on the assumption of the imperial title created him a marshal of France. In 1805 Moncey received the grand cordon of the legion of honor.

In 1808 he was made duke of Conegliano, or rather duc; for it was a duché grand-fief, a rare hereditary but nominal honor created in Napoleon's own kingdom of Italy (extinguished with his own death in 1842). That year, the first of the Peninsular War, Moncey was sent to Spain in command of an army corps. He distinguished himself by his victorious advance on Valencia, but the effect of that was destroyed by Dupont's defeat at Battle of Bailén. Moncey then took a leading part in the emperor's campaign on the Ebro and in the Second Siege of Saragossa in 1809.

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Geographical origins

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