Jean-Nicolas HOUCHARD

Family tree of Jean-Nicolas HOUCHARD

French Revolution & Empire, 19th Century

FrenchBorn Jean-Nicolas HOUCHARD

French General of the French Revolution and the French Revolutionary Wars

Born on January 24, 1739 in Forbach, France , France

Died on November 17, 1793 in Paris, France

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Born at Forbach in Lorraine, he began the military career at 16 the Royal German Regiment. He became captain fighting against the rioters led by Pascal Paoli in a dragoon regiment in Corse, receiving also a deep wound at a cheek.

On 11 April 1793 he was appointed as commander of the Army of the Moselle and, in the following August, of the Army of the North. He was a protagonist of the French victory at the Battle of Hondschoote against the British army under the Duke of York.


Despite the French victory, Houchard was accused to have not pursued it, and was arrested at Lille on 24 September 1793. When accused of cowardice by the Revolutionary Tribunal, Houchard replied by taking of his clothes and showing his many battlewounds. However, the tribunal found him guilty and Houchard was guillotined in Paris on 17 November 1793 (26 Brumaire, Year II).

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Geographical origins

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