Félix GOUIN

Family tree of Félix GOUIN

French Deputy, Senator, Constitutional Council member, French Minister and Secretary of state (before French Fifth Republic)

FrenchBorn Félix Jean GOUIN

French politician

Born on October 4, 1884 in Peypin, Bouches-du-Rhône , France

Died on October 25, 1977 in Nice , France

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Félix Gouin (French: [feliks ɡwɛ̃]; 4 October 1884 – 25 October 1977) was a French Socialist politician who was a member of the French Section of the Workers' International (SFIO).

...   Félix Gouin (French: [feliks ɡwɛ̃]; 4 October 1884 – 25 October 1977) was a French Socialist politician who was a member of the French Section of the Workers' International (SFIO).


Personal life
Félix Gouin was born in Peypin, Bouches-du-Rhône, the son of school teachers. He studied law in Aix-en-Provence.
In 1940 he was among the minority of parliamentarians refusing to grant full powers to Marshal Philippe Pétain.
During the war, he was part of the central committee which reconstituted the Human Rights League and also co-founded the Brutus Network, a Socialist Resistance group.
In 1946, he then succeeded Charles de Gaulle as head of the French Provisional Government. Gouin's tenure was arguably most notable for seeing the enactment of France's first ever compulsory, amply funded retirement and worker's compensation laws. In addition, both the 40-hour law and overtime pay were re-established, while the comites d'entreprise (works councils) were extended to firms with 50 workers. In April 1946, a statute was adopted by the French Parliament that abolished the colonial legal status of France's four oldest colonies: Reunion, Guyane, Martinique, and Guadeloupe. Gouin's time in office also witnessed a significant extension of the role of the state in the workings of the French economy, with electricity, gas, coal, and the nine main insurance groups nationalized.


Honours and awards
Grand Croix of the Légion d'honneur
Grand Decoration of Honour in Silver with Sash for Services to the Republic of Austria


Government (26 January – 24 June 1946)
Félix Gouin – Chairman of the Provisional Government
Francisque Gay – Vice President of the Council
Maurice Thorez – Vice President of the Council
Georges Bidault – Minister of Foreign Affairs
Edmond Michelet – Minister of Armies
André Le Troquer – Minister of the Interior
André Philip – Minister of Finance and National Economy
Marcel Paul – Minister of Industrial Production
Ambroise Croizat – Minister of Labour and Social Security
Pierre-Henri Teitgen – Minister of Justice
Marcel Edmond Naegelen – Minister of National Education
Laurent Casanova – Minister of Veterans and War Victims
François Tanguy-Prigent – Minister of Agriculture
Henri Longchambon – Minister of Supply
Marius Moutet – Minister of Overseas France
Jules Moch – Minister of Public Works and Transport
Robert Prigent – Minister of Public Health and Population
François Billoux – Minister of Reconstruction and Town Planning
Jean Letourneau – Minister of Posts


References


External links
Newspaper clippings about Félix Gouin in the 20th Century Press Archives of the ZBW



Biography from Wikipedia (see original) under licence CC BY-SA 3.0

 

Geographical origins

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