Sigmund FREUD

Family tree of Sigmund FREUD


AustrianBorn Sigismund Schlomo FREUD

Austrian neurologist who became known as the founding father of psychoanalysis

Born on May 06, 1856 in Freiberg In Mähren, Moravia, Austrian Empire

Died on September 23, 1939 in London, England

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Freud was born the first of eight children to Jewish Galician parents in the Moravian town of Príbor (German: Freiberg in Mähren), Austrian Empire, now part of the Czech Republic. His father, Jacob Freud (1815–1896), was a wool merchant, 41 years old when Freud was born, who had been married twice before and already had two children. Jacob's family were Hassidic Jews, and though Jacob himself had moved away from the tradition, he came to be known for his Torah study. He and Freud's mother, Amalia (née Nathansohn), 20 years her husband's junior, were married by Rabbi Isaac Noah Mannheimer on 29 July 1855, and were poor enough that when Freud arrived just over nine months later, the family home was a rented room in a blacksmith's house at Schlossergasse 117. He was born with a caul, which his mother saw as a positive omen for the boy's future.

Jacob and Amelia apparently favored Sigmund over his siblings, and despite their poverty attended to his education. As a result of the Panic of 1857, his father lost his business, and the Freud family moved to Leipzig, before settling in Vienna. In 1865, the nine-year-old Freud entered the Leopoldstädter Kommunal-Realgymnasium, a prominent high school. He proved an outstanding pupil and graduated from the Matura in 1873 with honors. He loved literature and was proficient in German, French, Italian, Spanish, English, Hebrew, Latin and Greek. Freud read William Shakespeare in English throughout his life, and it has been suggested that his understanding of human psychology was derived from Shakespeare's plays.


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