Jean DUBUISSON

Family tree of Jean DUBUISSON

Architect & Designer

FrenchBorn Jean René Julien DUBUISSON

French architect

Born on September 18, 1914 in Lille , France

Died on October 22, 2011 in Nîmes , France

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Jean Dubuisson (18 September 1914 – 22 October 2011) was a French architect who is regarded as one of the leading practitioners of the French post-World War II years.

...   Jean Dubuisson (18 September 1914 – 22 October 2011) was a French architect who is regarded as one of the leading practitioners of the French post-World War II years.


Biography
Jean René Julien Dubuisson was born in Lille, France. He was the son of the architect Émile Dubuisson (1873–1947).
He began his architecture studies in the École des Beaux Arts in Lille, before continuing at the École des Beaux Arts in Paris. He received his diploma in 1939, in the studio of Emmanuel Pontremoli. He was Second Grand Prix de Rome in 1943 and First Grand Prix de Rome in 1945, following which he lived in Rome, in the Villa Medici, and in Athens from 1946 to 1949. Upon returning to France, he joined in the rebuilding of France after the massive destruction during World War II.
His submission in the Strasbourg competition of 1951, won by Eugène Beaudouin, secured him a place as one of the limited number of architects commissioned by the national government to build housing projects.
Beyond a classical culture gained at the École des Beaux Arts and on his travels in Italy and Greece, Dubuisson was strongly influenced by Mies van der Rohe, Arne Jacobsen, and Walter Gropius. His numerous projects are characterized by the search for a personal language to resolve the drastic constraints of the immense programs of the time. He alone designed approximately 20,000 units of social housing.
Dubuisson is remembered as one of the major figures of the post-World War II period in France, especially as related to housing: the Shape Village in Saint-Germain-en-Laye (1951–1952), La Caravelle in Villeneuve-la-Garenne (1959–1967) and the apartment blocks of Maine-Montparnasse in Paris (1959–1964). He is also known for the National Museum of Folk Arts and Traditions in Paris He won the Grand Prix National de l'Architecture in 1996.
His son is designer Sylvain Dubuisson (born in 1946).


Selected buildings
1948: Botanical Garden in Lille
1951: SHAPE Village in Saint-Germain-en-Laye (Yvelines) (263 units)
1952-1956: "Résidence du parc" housing project in rue Lacépède in Croix (Nord)
1953: Housing project in the railway station neighborhood and rue de la Marne in Saint-Lô
1954-1962: "Les Hauts-Champs" and "Terrains Cavrois" housing projects in Roubaix
1955-1964: Housing project in les Basses-Terres in Pierrefitte-Stains (Seine-Saint-Denis)
1957-1973: Crédit Lyonnais Tower, in la Défense, Puteaux (demolished)
1958-1966: Mouchotte building in rue du Commandant-René-Mouchotte in Paris
1959-1967: Housing project in La Caravelle in Villeneuve-la-Garenne
1961-1964: Cormontaigne residence in Thionville
1961-1967: Parc Saint-Maur residence in rue Réaumur in Lille (726 units)
1962 : Building at 63 avenue de la Bourdonnais in Paris with Michel Jausserand et Olivier Vaudou
1962-1980: "Les Hauts de Chambéry" urban development
1964-1973: Borny urban development in Metz
1964: Saint-Louis Church in Belfort
1964-1967: "Les Érables" housing in la Duchère, Lyon
1965-1977: CFS headquarters in Rocquencourt, Yvelines
1966-1970: André-Weill residential building in Pontpoint, Oise
1967: High school (currently Madame de Staël High School) in Montluçon
1969: National Museum of Folk Arts and Traditions in the Bois de Boulogne, Paris
1969: Exhibition pavilion at the Parc des Expositions de Lac, Bordeaux in collaboration with Francisque Perrier
1969: Athéna Port Residence, 1390 boulevard des Graviers, Bandol, Var
1969-1971: Advisory architect for the building of the Saint-Laurent nuclear plant in Saint-Laurent-Nouan, Loir-et-Cher, in collaboration with Jean de Mailly.
1972: Porte-Verte housing project, 13 avenue du Général-Pershing, in Versailles


References
Notes

Bibliography
Bruno Vayssière, Reconstruction, déconstruction: le Hard-French et l'architecture des Trente Glorieuses, Picard, Paris, 1988.
Élise Guillerm, Jean Dubuisson, Éditions du Patrimoine, Paris, 2011.
Links
Obituary in Le Courrier de l'Architecte



Biography from Wikipedia (see original) under licence CC BY-SA 3.0

 

Geographical origins

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