Jean-Baptiste DROUET D'ERLON

Family tree of Jean-Baptiste DROUET D'ERLON

French Revolution & Empire, 19th Century

FrenchBorn Jean-Baptiste DROUET

Marshal of France and a soldier in Napoleon's Army

Born on July 29, 1765 in Reims, France , France

Died on January 25, 1844 in Paris, France

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D'Erlon was born in Reims, and in 1792 served as a corporal in the pre-revolutionary army, being elected to captain the following year. In 1794 he returned to Reims to marry Marie-Anne Rousseau the daughter of Nicolas Rousseau a banker, who he has got to know through Marie-Jeanne (Rousseau) the wife of his brother Jean-François Drouet. while in Reims on the morning of his wedding, he was informed of his appointment as aide-de-camp to General Francois Lefebvre. On Christmas Day 1794, his first child, a son who was christened Nicolas Adolphe was born. In 1796 his wife had their second child, a daughter: Marie-Anne Louise.

In 1799 he was promoted to brigadier general, and fought under André Masséna in Switzerland. The same year he distinguished himself at the Second Battle of Zurich. In 1800 he moved his family to Paris where his third child Aimé Napoleon François was born. He continued his service in many battles of the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars, including Hohenlinden in 1800 (in which he was wounded), the Hanover region (earning him promotion to Major General in 1803), Austerlitz in 1805 (his first battle as Division commander) and one in which his division played a pivotal role, and Jena in 1806.


In 1807, as chief of staff for Lefebvre at the siege of the Polish city of Danzig (Gdansk), he negotiated the terms of surrender. The same year he was wounded in the foot at Friedland.

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Geographical origins

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