Hyacinthe François Joseph DESPINOY

Family tree of Hyacinthe François Joseph DESPINOY

French Revolution & Empire, 19th Century

FrenchBorn Hyacinthe François Joseph DESPINOY

French general during the French Revolutionary Wars

Born on May 22, 1764 in Valenciennes, France , France

Died on December 28, 1848 in Paris, France

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Born in Valenciennes, Despinoy joined the French royal army in July 1780 as a gentleman-cadet in the Barrois Regiment (later the 50th Line Infantry). Promoted to sous-lieutenant in 1784 and lieutenant in 1791, he was a captain of grenadiers in 1792 when the War of the First Coalition broke out. He quickly rose in rank to chef de battalion in 1793 and fought in several minor actions.



During the Siege of Toulon, Despinoy served as chief of staff to General Jacques François Dugommier. He received promotion to general of brigade after being severely wounded during the siege. He was posted to the Army of the Eastern Pyrenees where he distinguished himself at the siege of Collioure. In November 1794 he presented the captured Spanish flags to the Convention and gave a stirring speech. He was later captured at Puycerda but freed at the Peace of Basle in 1795.

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Geographical origins

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