Family tree of Juan DE OÑATE

Explorer - 16th-18th century


Spanish conquistador from New Spain, explorer, and colonial governor of the province of Santa Fe de Nuevo México

Born on 1550 in Pánuco, Zacatecas, Nueva España , Mexico

Died on June 4, 1626 in Guadalcanal, provincia de Sevilla , Spain

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Oñate was born in 1550, at Zacatecas in New Spain (colonial México) to a father with Spanish-Basque family origins, colonists who were silver mine owners. His father was the conquistador and silver baron Cristóbal de Oñate, a descendant of the noble house of Haro. Oñate’s mother, Doña Catalina Salazar y de la Cadena, conversely, “was descended from a family with roots in the Jewish diaspora of Spain”, a branch of the Sephardic Jewish Ha-Levi family, part of the contingent of Jewish origin settlers who as forcefully converted ostensible New Christians left Spain to settle throughout the remotest areas of the newly colonized Spanish colonies in the Americas, hoping to evade anti-Jewish persecution by the Inquisidores while remaining within a Spanish cultural sphere. His ancestor Cadena fought in the 1212 Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa in Al-Andalus, and was the first to break through the line of defense protecting Mohammad Ben Yacub. The family was granted another coat of arms, and thereafter were known as "Cadenas".

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Geographical origins

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