Cardinal DE RETZ

Family tree of Cardinal DE RETZ

Author, Bishop, cardinal, Politician in the French Ancien Régime

FrenchBorn Jean-François Paul DE GONDI

French churchman, writer of memoirs, and agitator in the Fronde

Born on September 20, 1613 in Montmirail, France , France

Died on August 24, 1679 in Paris, France

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Jean-François de Gondi was born in Montmirail, in the Brie region of northern France. He was the third son in his family, and according to Tallemant des Réaux was made a knight of Malta on the very day of his birth. The death of his second brother, however, destined him for a closer connection with the Church. The Retz side of his family had much church influence, and though young Jean-François was not much attracted to the clergy, his family insisted that he join it. They said he lacked the appearance of a soldier, being short, near-sighted, ugly and awkward.



He was tutored by St. Vincent de Paul and educated at the Sorbonne. When he was eighteen, he wrote Conjuration de Fiesque, a little historical essay, influenced by the Italian of Agostino Mascardi, and audaciously insinuating revolutionary principles.

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Geographical origins

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