Olivier DE CLISSON

Family tree of Olivier DE CLISSON

French Ancien Régime

FrenchBorn Olivier DE CLISSON

Breton soldier

Born on 1360 in Château De Clisson, France , France

Died on April 23, 1407 in Château De Josselin, France

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He was brought up in England, where his mother, Jeanne de Belleville, married her second husband. On his return to Brittany he took arms on the side of John de Montfort, who was supported by the English. Olivier distinguished himself at the Battle of Auray (1364), where he lost an eye in the fighting, and earned the nickname "Butcher" because his troops were ordered to take no prisoners. Later, due to differences with de Montfort, Olivier went over to the side of Montfort's rivals, and therefore, France.



In 1370, Olivier acquired the lordship of Josselin and began to build Josselin Castle, an imposing new fortress with eight towers. The same year, he joined Bertrand du Guesclin, who had lately become constable of France, and followed him in campaigns against the English, including the Siege of Brest in 1373. On the death of du Guesclin, Clisson received the constable's sword, and held the office from 1380 to 1392. He fought with the citizens of Ghent, defeating them at Roosebeke (1382), and later commanded the army in Poitou and Flanders (1389), and made an unsuccessful attempt to invade England.

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Geographical origins

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