Alessandro VI DE BORJA

Family tree of Alessandro VI DE BORJA


SpanishBorn Roderic LLANCOL i BORJA

Pope from 1492 until his death on 18 August 1503

Born on 1431 in Xàtiva, Kingdom Of Valencia, Crown Of Aragon

Died on August 18, 1503 in Rome, Italy

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Rodrigo Llançol was born in the town of Xàtiva in the Kingdom of Valencia—one of the component realms of the Crown of Aragon—in present day Spain. His parents were the Valencian Jofré Llançol i Escrivá (died bef. 24 March 1437) and his wife and relative the Aragonese Isabel de Borja (died 19 October 1468). His family name is written Llançol in Valencian and Lanzol in Spanish. Rodrigo adopted his mother's family name of Borja in 1455 following the elevation to the papacy of his maternal uncle Alonso de Borja as Calixtus III.

Rodrigo Borgia studied law at Bologna and, after the election of his uncle as Pope Calixtus III, was ordained deacon and created Cardinal-Deacon of San Nicola in Carcere at the age of twenty-five in 1456, and the following year he was appointed vice-chancellor of the Holy Roman Church, nepotistic appointments characteristic of the age; in 1468 he was ordained to the priesthood and in 1471 he was consecrated bishop and appointed Cardinal-Bishop of Albano. Having served in the Roman Curia under five popes—Pius II, Paul II, Sixtus IV and Innocent VIII—Rodrigo Borgia acquired considerable administrative experience, influence and wealth.


On the death of Pope Innocent VIII on 25 July 1492, the three likely candidates for the Papacy were cardinals Borgia, Ascanio Sforza and Giuliano della Rovere. It was rumoured but not substantiated that Borgia succeeded in buying the largest number of votes and Sforza, in particular, was bribed with four mule-loads of silver. The benefices and offices granted Sforza, moreover, would be worth considerably more than four mule-loads of silver. John Burchard, the conclave's master of ceremonies and a leading figure of the papal household under several popes, recorded in his diary that the 1492 conclave was a particularly expensive campaign. Della Rovere was bankrolled to the cost of 200,000 gold ducats by King Charles VIII of France, with another 100,000 supplied by the Republic of Genoa.

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Geographical origins

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