Afonso DE ALBUQUERQUE

Family tree of Afonso DE ALBUQUERQUE

Sailor

PortugueseBorn Afonso DE ALBUQUERQUE

Portuguese general, and a great conqueror

Born on 1453 in Alhandra, Portugal

Died on December 6, 1515 in Goa, Índia

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Afonso de Albuquerque, was born in Alhandra, near Lisbon. He was the second son of Gonçalo de Albuquerque, Lord of Vila Verde dos Francos and Dona Leonor de Menezes. His father held an important position at court and was connected by remote illegitimate descent with the Portuguese monarchy. He was educated in mathematics and Latin at the court of Afonso V of Portugal, where he befriended Prince John, future king John II of Portugal.



Albuquerque served 10 years in North Africa, where he gained early military experience in military campaigns against Muslims and Ottoman Turks.

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In 1471, under the command of Afonso V, he was present at the conquest of Tangier and Arzila in Morocco, serving there as an officer for some years. In 1476 he accompanied Prince John in wars against Castile, such as the Battle of Toro. He was in the campaign sent to the Italian Peninsula in 1480 to rescue Ferdinand II of Aragon from the Ottoman invasion of Otranto that ended in a Christian crusaders victory. On his return in 1481, when Prince John was crowned (King John II, 1481–95), Albuquerque was made Master of the Horse for his distinguished exploits, chief equerry (estribeiro-mor) to the king, a post Albuquerque held throughout the reign. In 1489 he returned to military campaigns in North Africa, as commander of defence in the fortress of Graciosa, an island in the river Luco near the city of Larache, and in 1490 was part of the guard of King John II, returning to Arzila in 1495 where his younger brother Martim died fighting by his side.



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Geographical origins

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