Richard CROMWELL

Family tree of Richard CROMWELL

British Politician

EnglishBorn Richard CROMWELL

Second ruling Lord Protector of England, Scotland and Ireland

Born on October 4, 1626 in Huntingdon, Cambridgeshire, England , United Kingdom

Died on July 12, 1712 in Cheshunt, Hertfordshire, England

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Richard was born in Huntingdon, the third son of Oliver Cromwell and his wife Elizabeth. Little is known of his childhood. He and his three brothers were educated at Felsted School in Essex close to their mother's family home. There is no record of him attending university. In May 1647, he became a member of Lincoln’s Inn. He may have served as a captain in Thomas Fairfax’s lifeguard during the late 1640s, but the evidence is inconclusive.



In 1649 Richard married Dorothy Maijor, daughter of Richard Maijor, a member of the Hampshire gentry. He and his wife then moved to Maijor’s estate at Hursley. During the 1650s they had nine children, four of whom survived to adulthood. Richard was named a Justice of the Peace for Hampshire and sat on various county committees. During this period Richard seems to have been a source of concern for his father, who wrote to Richard Maijor saying “I would have him mind and understand business, read a little history, study the mathematics and cosmography: these are good, with subordination to the things of God. Better than idleness, or mere outward worldly contents. These fit for public services, for which a man is born”. He fought in none of the English civil wars.

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Geographical origins

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