Philibert COMMERSON

Family tree of Philibert COMMERSON

Naturalist, Explorer - 16th-18th century

FrenchBorn Philibert COMMERSON

French naturalist

Born on November 18, 1727 in Châtillon-les-Dombes, France , France

Died on March 13, 1773 in Mauritius

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Commerçon was born at Châtillon les Dombes in France. He studied medicine and botany at Montpellier, and for a time was a practicing physician. At the request of Carolus Linnaeus, Commerçon collected and categorized fish of the Mediterranean on behalf of the museum in Stockholm.



Commerçon returned to live at Châtillon les Dombes in 1756 and there occupied himself in creating botanical gardens.

...   Commerçon was born at Châtillon les Dombes in France. He studied medicine and botany at Montpellier, and for a time was a practicing physician. At the request of Carolus Linnaeus, Commerçon collected and categorized fish of the Mediterranean on behalf of the museum in Stockholm.



Commerçon returned to live at Châtillon les Dombes in 1756 and there occupied himself in creating botanical gardens.



In 1766, Commerçon joined Bougainville on his voyage of circumnavigation. Among the wildlife that Commerçon observed was a particular kind of dolphin in the Strait of Magellan. The animal is now known as Commerson's Dolphin.



Commerçon's housekeeper and assistant, Jeanne Baré, accompanied him on the voyage, dressed as a man since women were strictly forbidden on French Navy ships at the time. Baré acted as a nurse to Commerçon, who was often ill, as well as assisting him in his scientific work. Her gender was publicly discovered while the expedition was at Tahiti, but she remained with Commerçon until the end of his life.



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Geographical origins

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