Family tree of CINQ-MARS

French Ancien Régime


A favourite of King Louis XIII of France

Born on March 27, 1620

Died on September 12, 1642 in Lyon, France

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Cinq-Mars was the son of Marshal Antoine Coiffier-Ruzé, marquis d'Effiat, a close friend of Richelieu, who took the boy under his protection on his father's death in 1632.

In 1639, Cardinal Richelieu introduced the young Cinq-Mars to Louis, hoping he would find favor with the king and become a royal favourite, thus allowing Richelieu to exercise even greater control over the king.


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Geographical origins

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