Étienne CLAVIÈRE

Family tree of Étienne CLAVIÈRE

Industrialist, Businessman, French Minister and Secretary of state (before French Fifth Republic), Figure of the French Revolution

FrenchBorn Étienne CLAVIÈRE

Genevan-born French financier and politician of the French Revolution

Born on January 27, 1735 in Genève , Switzerland

Died on December 8, 1793 in Paris , France

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Étienne Clavière (29 January 1735 – 8 December 1793) was a Genevan-born French financier and politician of the French Revolution. He was the French Minister of Finance between 24 March and 12 June 1792, and between 10 August 1792 and 2 June 1793.

...   Étienne Clavière (29 January 1735 – 8 December 1793) was a Genevan-born French financier and politician of the French Revolution. He was the French Minister of Finance between 24 March and 12 June 1792, and between 10 August 1792 and 2 June 1793.


Geneva and London
A native of Geneva, Clavière became one of the democratic leaders of the Geneva Revolution of 1782. After its failure, he went into exile, becoming a financier in Paris in 1784. His brother moved to Brussels.
Clavière associated with personalities from Neuchâtel and Geneva, among them Jean-Paul Marat and Étienne Dumont. Their plans for a "new Geneva" in Ireland—which the government of William Pitt the Younger favoured—were given up when Jacques Necker came to power in France, and Clavière, with most of his comrades, settled in Paris. In 1785, he collaborated with Theophile Cazenove. In 1787, he visited the Dutch Republic, together with Jacques Pierre Brissot, and met with Pieter Stadnitski, a banker. The Patriots were losing influence and territory and the French politicians went back.


French Revolution

In 1789, he and Dumont allied themselves with Honoré Mirabeau, secretly collaborating for him on the Courrier de Provence and also preparing speeches for Mirabeau to deliver—this association with Clavière sustained Mirabeau's reputation as a financier. He was one of the founding members and the first president of the Society of the Friends of the Blacks and of the Jacobin Club.
Clavière also published some pamphlets under his own name, and through these and his friendship with Jacques Pierre Brissot, whom he had met in London, he was Minister of Finance in the Girondist ministry, from 24 March to 12 June 1792 (as a suppleant member of the Legislative Assembly for Seine, and supported Brissot).
After the 10 August storming of Tuileries Palace, he was again given charge of the finances in the provisional executive council, but could not offer a remedy to France's difficulties, concerning the assignats. Clavière shared in the fall of the Girondins, being arrested on 2 June 1793, but was not placed on trial with the rest in October. He remained in prison until 8 December, when, on receiving notice that he was to appear on the next day before the Revolutionary Tribunal, he died by suicide.


References


Further reading
Jean Marc Rivier, Étienne Clavière (1735–1793): un révolutionnaire, ami des Noirs (Panormitis, 2006) (in French)



Biography from Wikipedia (see original) under licence CC BY-SA 3.0

 

Geographical origins

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