Frédéric CHOPIN

Family tree of Frédéric CHOPIN

Composer

PoleBorn Frédéric François CHOPIN

Polish composer and virtuoso pianist

Born on February 22, 1810 in Zelazowa Wola , Poland

Died on October 17, 1849 in Paris , France

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Frédéric Chopin was born some fifty kilometers west of Warsaw, in Zelazowa Wola in Sochaczew County, in what was then part of the Duchy of Warsaw. His father, Mikolaj (in French, Nicolas) Chopin, originally a Frenchman from Lorraine, had emigrated to Poland in 1787 at the age of sixteen and had served in Poland's National Guard during the Kosciuszko Uprising. The elder Chopin subsequently worked as a tutor to children of the aristocracy, which included the Skarbeks—one of whose poorer relations, Justyna Krzyzanowska, he married.



Justyna's brother would become the father of American Union General Wlodzimierz Krzyzanowski.

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Mikolaj and Justyna were married in the 16th-century basilica in Brochów, where Frédéric Chopin would be baptised. The couple's second child (and only son), christened "Fryderyk Franciszek Chopin", was born on 1 March 1810. A parish church document found in 1892 gives his birth date as 22 February 1810, but he usually gave 1 March as his date of birth.



In October 1810, when Chopin was seven months old, the family moved to Warsaw. His father accepted an offer from the celebrated lexicographer Samuel Linde, to teach French at a secondary school, the Warsaw Lyceum. The school was housed in the Saxon Palace, and the Chopin family lived on the palace grounds. In 1817 Grand Duke Constantine requisitioned the Saxon Palace for military purposes, and the Lyceum was moved to the Kazimierz Palace, on the grounds of present-day Warsaw University. The family lived in a spacious second-floor apartment in an adjacent building. Chopin attended the Warsaw Lyceum from 1823 to 1826.



The Polish spirit, culture and language pervaded the Chopins' home, and as a result the son would never, even in Paris, perfectly master the French language. Louis Enault, a biographer, borrowed George Sand's phrase to describe Chopin as being "more Polish than Poland".



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Geographical origins

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