Plutarco Elías CALLES

Family tree of Plutarco Elías CALLES

South American and Central American politician, Head of state

MexicanBorn Plutarco Elías CALLES

Mexican general and politician

Born on September 25, 1877 in Guaymas, Sonora, Mexico , Mexico

Died on October 19, 1945 in Mexico City, Mexico

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Elías Calles grew up in poverty and deprivation, the son of an alcoholic who was not married to his mother. He adopted the Calles surname from the uncle who raised him after the death of his mother, Maria de Jesús Campuzano. This uncle was a devout atheist and raised his nephew with a fanatical hatred of the Catholic Church. His father, also called Plutarco Elías, was descended from a prominent family in the Provincias Internas, most often recorded as Elías González. The first of this line to settle in Mexico was Francisco Elías González (1707–1790), who emigrated from La Rioja, Spain, to Zacatecas, Mexico, in 1729. Eventually, he moved north to Chihuahua, where, as commander of the presidio of Terrenate, he played a role in the wars against the Yaqui and Apache.



The younger Plutarco worked many different jobs, from bartender to schoolteacher, and always had a keen sense of political opportunity. He was a supporter of Francisco I. Madero, under whom he became a police commissioner, and his ability to align himself with the political winners of the Mexican Revolution (1910–1920) allowed him to move up the ranks quickly; he attained the rank of general in 1915. He led the Constitutional Army in his home state of Sonora and managed to repel the conventionalists of José María Maytorena and Pancho Villa in the Battle of Agua Prieta in 1915.

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Geographical origins

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