Guillaume BRUNE

Family tree of Guillaume BRUNE

Marshal of France

FrenchBorn Guillaume Marie Anne BRUNE

French soldier and political figure who rose to Marshal of France

Born on March 13, 1763 in Brive-la-Gaillarde, Corrèze , France

Died on August 2, 1815 in Avignon, Vaucluse , France

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The son of a lawyer, he was born at Brive-la-Gaillarde, Corrèze. Brune settled in Paris before the French Revolution, studied law, and became a political journalist. Following the French Revolution he joined the Cordeliers and was a friend of Georges Danton. He was appointed Brigadier General in 1793 and took part in the fighting of the 13 Vendémiaire (5 October 1795) against royalist insurgents in Paris. [1]

In 1796 he fought under Napoleon Bonaparte in the Italian campaign, and was promoted Général de Division for good service in the field. He commanded the French army which occupied Switzerland in 1798 and established the Helvetic Republic, and in the following year he was in command of the French troops in defence of Amsterdam against the Anglo-Russian invasion of Holland under the Duke of York, which was completely successful – the invaders were defeated in the Battle of Castricum, and compelled, after a harsh retreat, to re-embark.


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Geographical origins

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