Elijah Bond

Family tree of Elijah Bond

Inventor, Lawyer, judge

AmericanBorn Elijah Jefferson Bond

American lawyer and inventor, most known for inventing the ouija board

Born on January 23, 1847 in Bel Air, Maryland , United States

Died on April 14, 1921 in Baltimore, Maryland , United States

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Elijah Jefferson Bond (January 23, 1847 in Bel Air, Maryland - April 14, 1921 in Baltimore, Maryland) was an American lawyer and inventor. He is most known for inventing the ouija board.

Although he invented and patented items, including a steam boiler, he is best remembered for patenting what became known as the Ouija board. He filed for a United States patent on May 28, 1890. Charles W. Kennard and William H. A. Maupin were listed as assignees. The patent was granted on February 10, 1891. Bond sold the US distribution rights for the Ouija board to the Kennard Novelty Company.By 1907 Bond had relocated to West Virginia where he established the Swastika Novelty Company. The company produced a knock-off of Bond's original Ouija board called the "Nirvana".

Bond died at age 74, and is buried in Baltimore, Maryland's Green Mount Cemetery, beneath a marker that resembles an Ouija board.


Gruss, Edmund (1994), The Ouija Board: Horror of Reality, New York: P&R Publishing, pp. 13–15

US Expired - Lifetime grant 446,054A, E. J. Bond, "Toy or game", issued 1891-02-10
Official website
"Elijah Bond". William Fuld. Biography.

External links
Media related to Elijah Jefferson Bond at Wikimedia Commons

Elijah Bond at Find a Grave

Biography from Wikipedia (see original) under licence CC BY-SA 3.0


Geographical origins

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