Family tree of Lucie AUBRAC

Member of the French Resistance during World War II

FrenchBorn Lucie BERNARD

French history teacher and member of the French Resistance during World War II

Born on June 29, 1912 in Paris, France , France

Died on March 14, 2007 in Issy-les-Moulineaux, France

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Lucie Bernard was born in Mâcon, the daughter of modest Burgundy winegrowers. She was raised in a Catholic family. In 1939, Lucie married Raymond Samuel (July 31, 1914 - April 10 2012), a Jew, whom she met in Strasbourg in December, 1939. Raymond Samuel would later come to be known as Raymond Aubrac, having had to change his surname due to open anti-Semitism and persecution of Jews in France at the time.

After the fall of France, Lucie joined the Libération-sud resistance group in Lyon after its formation by her husband. Later, she followed him to the Charles Delestraint's group. In 1941 they joined forces with Emmanuel d'Astier to run the underground newspaper, Libération, the same year their first child, Jean-Pierre, was born.


On June 21, 1943, the Gestapo captured Raymond alongside high-ranking Resistance member Jean Moulin (under the alias "Max") and many others. They were taken to Montluc prison, located near Lyon. The Nazis sought Jean Moulin in particular as he was General Charles de Gaulle's top representative in the French Resistance.

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Geographical origins

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