Georges BERNANOS

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Author

FrenchBorn Georges BERNANOS

French author, and a soldier in World War I

Born on February 20, 1888 in Paris , France

Died on July 05, 1948 in Neuilly-sur-Seine, Hauts-de-Seine , France

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Georges Bernanos was born at Paris, into a family of craftsmen, and spent much of his childhood in the Pas de Calais region, which became a frequent setting for his novels. He served in the First World War as a soldier, where he witnessed the battles of the Somme and Verdun. He was wounded several times. After the war, he worked in insurance before writing Sous le soleil de Satan. He won the Grand Prix du roman de l'Académie française for Journal d'un curé de campagne (Diary of a Country Priest).



Because of his anti-democratic leanings and his allegiance to the Action Française (he was a member of their youth organization, the Camelots du Roi), from which he finally departed in 1932, he was able to see the danger in Fascism and Nazism (which he described as "disgusting monstrousness") before World War II broke out in Europe. Though he initially celebrated Francisco Franco and the Fascist Falange due to the anticlerical atrocities of the Republicans during the Spanish Civil War, Bernanos spent part of the conflict in Majorca, and became disappointed in the Francoist cause, which he grew to criticize in the book Les Grands Cimetières sous la Lune. Most of his important fictional works were written between 1926 and 1937.

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Geographical origins

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