Family tree of Clara BARTON


AmericanBorn Clarissa Harlowe BARTON

Pioneer American teacher, nurse, and humanitarian

Born on December 25, 1821 in Oxford, Massachusetts, USA , United States

Died on April 12, 1912 in Glen Echo, Maryland, USA

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Clarissa Harlowe Barton was born on Christmas Day, 1821, in Oxford, Massachusetts, to Stephen and Sarah Barton. She was the youngest of five children. Clara's father was a farmer and horse breeder, while her mother Sarah managed the household. The two later helped found the first Universalist Church in Oxford.

When Clara was eleven, her brother David became her first patient after he fell from a rafter in their unfinished barn. Clara stayed by his side for two years and learned to administer all his medicines, including the "great, loathsome crawling leeches".


As she continued to develop an interest in nursing, Clara may have drawn inspiration from stories of her great-aunt, Martha Ballard, who served the town of Hallowell (later Augusta), Maine, as a midwife for over three decades. Ballard helped deliver nearly one thousand infants between 1777 and 1812, and in many cases administered medical care in much the same way as a formally trained doctor of her era.

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Geographical origins

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