Antonin ARTAUD

Family tree of Antonin ARTAUD

Actor, Poet

FrenchBorn Antoine Marie Joseph ARTAUD

French playwright, poet, actor and theatre director

Born on September 04, 1896 in Marseille, France , France

Died on March 04, 1948 in Ivry-sur-Seine, France

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Antonin Artaud was born the son of Euphrasie Nalpas and Antoine-Roi Artaud. Both his parents were natives of Smyrna, Turkey, and he was greatly affected by his Greek ancestry. His parents had given birth to nine children, however only Antonin and one sister survived infancy. When he was four years old, Artaud had a severe case of meningitis, which gave Artaud a nervous, irritable temperament throughout his adolescence. He also suffered from neuralgia, stammering and severe bouts of clinical depression, this was treated with the use of opium - resulting in a life-long addiction. Artaud's parents arranged a long series of sanatorium stays for their temperamental son, which were both prolonged and expensive. This lasted five years, with a break of two months, June and July 1916, when Artaud was conscripted into the French Army. He was allegedly discharged due to his self-induced habit of sleepwalking. During Artaud's "rest cures" at the sanatorium, he read Arthur Rimbaud, Charles Baudelaire, and Edgar Allan Poe. In May 1919, the director of the sanatorium prescribed laudanum for Artaud, precipitating a lifelong addiction to that and other opiates.



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Geographical origins

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