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John WITHERSPOON

Scottish John WITHERSPOON

born John Knox WITHERSPOON

Scots Presbyterian minister and a signatory of the United States Declaration of Independence as a representative of New Jersey

Source :  Tim DOWLING

Born: on February 05, 1723 in Gifford, East Lothian, Scotland, United Kingdom
Died: on November 15, 1794 in Near Princeton, New Jersey, USA, United States


Biography

John Knox Witherspoon was born at Gifford, a parish of Yester, at East Lothian, Scotland, as the eldest child of the Reverend James Alexander Witherspoon and Anne Walker, a descendant of John Welsh of Ayr and John Knox. This latter claim of Knox descent though ancient in origin is long disputed and without primary documentation. He attended the Haddington Grammar School, and obtained a Master of Arts and Bachelor of Divinity from the University of St. Andrews. He also obtained a Master of Arts from the University of Edinburgh in 1739. He remained at the University to study divinity.

Witherspoon was a staunch Protestant, nationalist, and supporter of republicanism. Consequently, he was opposed to the Roman Catholic Legitimist Jacobite rising of 1745-1746. Following the Jacobite victory at the Battle of Falkirk (1746), he was briefly imprisoned at Doune Castle, which had a long-term effect on his health.

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See Also :

- Category British Politician