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Rosa PARKS

American Rosa PARKS

born Rosa Louise MCCAULEY

American activist in the civil rights movement best known for her pivotal role in the Montgomery bus boycott

Source :  Mary CUMMINS

Born: on February 04, 1913 in Tuskegee, Macon, Alabama, United States
Died: on October 24, 2005 in Detroit, Michigan, United States


Biography

The United States Congress has called her "the first lady of civil rights" and "the mother of the freedom movement".

On December 1, 1955, in Montgomery, Alabama, Parks rejected bus driver James F. Blake's order to relinquish her seat in the "colored section" to a white passenger, after the whites-only section was filled. Parks was not the first person to resist bus segregation, but the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) believed that she was the best candidate for seeing through a court challenge after her arrest for civil disobedience in violating Alabama segregation laws. Parks' prominence in the community and her willingness to become a controversial figure inspired the black community to boycott the Montgomery buses for over a year, the first major direct action campaign of the post-war civil rights movement. Her case became bogged down in the state courts, but the federal Montgomery bus lawsuit Browder v. Gayle resulted in a November 1956 decision that bus segregation is unconstitutional under the Equal Protection Clause of the 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.

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See Also :

- Category American politician