About this Famous Person

Edouard-Alfred MARTEL

French Edouard-Alfred MARTEL

World pioneer of cave exploration, father of modern speleology

Source :  Sébastien DUVERE

Born: on July 01, 1859 in Pontoise, Val-d'Oise, France
Died: on June 03, 1938 in Saint-Thomas-la-Garde, Loire, France


Édouard-Alfred Martel was born in Pontoise, Seine-et-Oise on 1 July 1859. Born into a family of lawyers, he studied at the Lycée Condorcet in Paris. Early on, he became passionate about geography and the natural sciences and in 1877 he won first prize in an open competition for geography. He was a great reader of the works of Jules Verne. In 1866, while holidaying with his parents, he visited the Caves of Gargas in the Pyrenees. Other trips allowed him to travel to Germany, Austria and Italy. In 1879, he visited Postojna Cave in Slovenia, an extensive cave system.

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See Also :

- Category Speleology