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British Conservative statesman and thrice Prime Minister

Source :  Jacques CHANIS

Born: on February 03, 1830 in Hatfield, Hertfordshire, England
Died: on August 22, 1903 in Hatfield, Hertfordshire, England


Lord Robert Cecil was the second son of James Gascoyne-Cecil, 2nd Marquess of Salisbury, and Frances Gascoyne. He was a patrilineal descendant of Lord Burghley and the 1st Earl of Salisbury, chief ministers of Elizabeth I. The family possessed vast rural estates in Hertfordshire and Dorset. The wealth increased sharply in 1821 when he married the rich heiress of a merchant prince who had bought up large estates in Essex and Lancashire.

Robert had a miserable childhood, with few friends; he filled his time with reading. He was bullied unmercifully at the schools he attended. In 1840 he went to Eton, where he did well in French, German, the classics and theology. However he left in 1845 due to intense bullying. The unhappy schooling shaped his pessimistic outlook on life and his negative views on democracy. He decided that most people were cowardly and cruel, and that the mob would run roughshod over sensitive individuals.

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- Category British Politician