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About this Famous Person


Italian PIE VIII

born Francesco Saverio Maria Felice CASTIGLIONI

Pope in 1829 and 1830

Source :  Jean Luc de ROBILLARD

Born: on November 20, 1761 in Cingoli, Italy
Died: on November 30, 1830 in Rome, Italy


Pope Pius VIII was born in Cingoli, Marche, the son of Count Ottavio Castiglioni and his wife Sanzia Ghislieri. He studied Canon law and, in 1800 became bishop of Montalto. After he refused to swear allegiance to Napoleon I of France (1804–14, 1815) he was taken to France, but following the defeat of France, he was, in 1816, made a Cardinal-Priest of Santa Maria in Traspontina. He held various high offices thereafter, including that of Major Penitentiary.

"As a Cardinal, Castiglione had continued to live modestly, made no enemies, and although his own private life had always been irreproachable, he had shown no signs of censoriousness where others were concerned. He suffered from a very painful and distressing complaint, having perpetually suppurating sores on his neck and body, and was far too ill and feeble to do more than sign the documents presented to him by Giuseppe Cardinal Albani, who ruled the Papal States as autocratically as though he had himself worn the triple crown".

After the death of Pope Leo XII (1823–29), Cardinal Castiglioni was elected Pope in the papal conclave.

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See Also :

- Category Pope